Prince Edward Island is known for red clay, potato fields, lush green grass, white churches, fishing boats and Anne of Green Gables. The Mi'kmaq, island's first inhabitants, called the island Epekwitk, which means "resting on waves." This makes a lot of sense, since the island is mostly flat with gently sloping shores. The PEI climate is milder compared to Canadian mainland, thanks to warm waters of Gulf of St. Lawrence.
PEI major industries are the agriculture, tourism and fisheries. The fertile soil is the island's most important resource. PEI produces more potatoes that any other Canadian province. That's remarkable, because it's the smallest province with the population of around 147,000 people as of 2016. About one-third of Canada's total potato production comes from PEI.
By the way, the PEI soil is red because of the high iron-oxide content. Think of reddish rust that you can see on old cars or metal structures, that's it.
There are two cities in PEI: the capital Charlottetown in the East and Summerside, in the West. Charlottetown population is 34,000. Confederation Centre of the Arts is the cultural heart of the town.
The only road that you can take to the PEI is the 12.9 km (8 mile) Confederation Bridge. It connects PEI to another Canadian Atlantic province, New Brunswick. The Confederation Bridge is the longest bridge in Canada.
PEI is the only province in Canada where you don't have to worry about bears when camping or hiking. There are no bears on the island. The most common animal you might see is the fox. Other wildlife on the island includes ruffed grouse, snowshoe hare, woodcock and the eastern coyote.
There is another thing that you can find in any other Canadian province, but PEI. In 1989 all trains were removed from the island. The railways that connected communities across the island for 114 years were converted into biking / walking trail network. It's called Confederation Trail. The main trail runs from Tignish located in the Northern tip of the island to Elmira located on the eastern tip. The distance is 273 kilometers. The trail branches connect the main trail to Charlottetown, Murray Harbour, Montague, Wood Islands and Confederation Bridge. Read more about the trail here. I guess I'm taking my bike with me on my next visit.
Lucy Maud Montgomery was a well-known Canadian author, born in Prince Edward Island. Her best known work, the series of novels "Anne of Green Gables" was published in 1908. Since publishing, the book sold more than 50 million copies, popularizing Prince Edward Island in the literature. Many theatre plays and musicals were also created. As a result, there are many sites and attractions are devoted to Anne of Green Gables. There is Green Gables Heritage Place in Cavendish and Anne of Green Gables Museum not too far in Park Corner. There is even Avonlea Village in Cavendish. Avonlea was the name of the community in the book.